Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin.
- a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time
- less pain and bleeding after the operation
- reduced scarring
Laparoscopy is carried out under general anaesthetic, so you will not feel any pain during the procedure. During laparoscopy, the surgeon makes one or more small incisions ( Usually 3 in number ) in the abdomen. These allow the surgeon to insert the laparoscope, and insufflate the abdomen cavity with co2 and later, small surgical tools to operate. After the procedure, the gas is let out of your abdomen, the incisions are closed using stitches and a dressing is applied. You can often go home on the same day you have laparoscopy, although you may need to stay in hospital overnight.
Laparoscopy can be used to help diagnose a wide range of conditions that develop inside the abdomen or pelvis. It can also be used to carry out surgical procedures, such as removing a damaged or diseased organ, or removing a tissue sample for further testing (biopsy). Laparoscopy is most commonly used in gynaecology (the study and treatment of conditions that affect the female reproductive system), gastroenterology (the study and treatment of conditions that affect the digestive system) and urology (the study and treatment of conditions that affect the urinary system).
Laparoscopic surgery is very common and generally regarded as safe. Serious complications are rare, occurring in just one in 1,000 cases, according to estimates. Possible complications include:
- damage to organs, such as the bladder or bowel
- injury to a major artery
- damage to nerves in the pelvis